Common Fall Health Concerns

woman playing with fallen leaves - fall health concerns

As summer gives way to fall, we’re met with colorful leaves, crisp air, and pumpkin spice-flavored everything. But harvest and holidays aside, the season’s cooler temps, indoor gatherings, and shorter days also instigate unwanted autumn ailments. Below, we discuss common fall health concerns, and what you can do to prepare for and prevent illness.

Airborne Illness

Cold, dry weather makes it easier for airborne viruses, such as those behind cold and flu, to spread. And while more research is needed, emerging data suggests that cold and dry conditions may also facilitate the spread of the novel coronavirus.

Many viruses have a gel-like coating made of fats and oils called lipids. In cold weather, this lipid coating hardens, protecting the virus and allowing it to survive longer in the air, and spread more easily. To make matters worse, cold weather can dry out nasal passages, leaving sinuses vulnerable to infection. Additional factors such as spending more time indoors in close quarters and lack of sunlight also increase the risk of illness.

To prevent airborne illness, continue following the public health advice you’ve learned during the pandemic: Wash your hands often, for at least 20 seconds; Avoid contact with people who have active symptoms of disease; Stay home when you’re sick; Wear a mask in public settings; Don’t touch your face.

Vaccines can also reduce your chances of getting some airborne diseases. The CDC urges everyone 6 months and older to get annual flu shot. This is especially important during the COVID-19 pandemic.


If you or your child suffers from asthma, you may notice that symptoms worsen in the fall and winter. Cold, dry air can irritate and inflame airways, increasing the likelihood of having an asthma attack. Cold air can also trigger your body to produce histamines, which in turn cause wheezing and other asthma symptoms. Try to limit time outdoors when the temps drop. And when you do go outside, wear a mask or scarf over your face to warm the air you breathe in. Talk to your doctor to come up with a plan to manage your condition through the cold weather months. If you need asthma advice, acute treatment, or medication refills, our urgent care center is here for you.

Arthritis Flares

Cold weather can exacerbate joint pain and stiffness, and lead to arthritis flares. A flare is a period of increased disease activity or worsening symptoms – a time when the medications you normally rely on to control your disease don’t seem to work. A cold front or rain storm may cause a drop in barometric pressure, which in turn, causes your joints to expand.

To prevent aches and pains this fall, make sure to dress warmly. Pay special attention to your head, hands, and feet, as the majority of heat loss occurs from the body’s extremities. It’s also important to stay active. Exercise is a valuable tool in arthritis relief, as it increases strength, improves flexibility, and reduces joint pain. Plan indoor exercise routines that are easy to stick to. If you need advice or help managing symptoms of an arthritis flare, our friendly medical team is here for you.

We hope these tips help you prevent and prepare for season-specific issues. Remember, we offer fast, affordable treatment for these common fall health concerns, along with many other injuries and illnesses.

Care for Insect Bites and Stings

image of bee on flower with text "fast care for insect bites and stings

As COVID-19 concerns and closures continue, many of us are looking to nature for our entertainment this summer. Socially-distanced outdoor activities, such as hiking, kayaking, and camping, are an excellent way to stay safe and still make the most of the season. But whether you’re heading into the backcountry or spending a day at the local lake, more time outside means an increased risk for insect bites and bee stings. Mosquitoes, biting flies, ticks, bees, wasps, spiders and scorpions can all cause adverse reactions, ranging from minor annoyances to life-threatening conditions.

Common Symptoms of Insect Bites & Bee Stings

  • Swelling at bite site
  • Rash
  • Itching

Call 911 or head to the ER if you notice:

  • Hives
  • Lightheadedness or fainting
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Shortness of breath or wheezing
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing or tongue swelling

While severe allergic reactions are possible, you can usually treat bites and stings on your own. Follow these general steps:

  1. Use an insect repellent to deter mosquitoes, ticks, and flies.
  2. Move to a safe place. If you’re stung and are near a wasp nest or bee hive, retreat to an area where you won’t get swarmed.
  3. Use antiseptic soap to clean the wound. Apply an antibiotic ointment to prevent infection.
  4. Use a cold compress or ice to reduce swelling, and relieve pain and itching.
  5. Remove stingers or ticks as quickly as possible.

Think your bite or sting may be more serious? Head into our urgent care.

If you’re suffering from a mild to moderate reaction after a sting or bite, know we are here 7 days a week and you never need an appointment. Our medical team is prepared to evaluate your wound and provide the appropriate care, from infection treatment and irrigation to stinger and tick removal. If lyme disease is suspected, we can prescribe the necessary antibiotics. Get fast, convenient care for bites and stings today.

Everything You Need to Know About Sunburn

kids under beach umbrella to prevent sunburn

Despite our best intentions and precautionary measures, sunburn accidents happen. Just a little too much time in July’s harsh UV rays or a hastey sunscreen application can leave you suffering with red, painful skin. Below, we offer info on the symptoms, treatment, and risks of sunburn.

Sunburn Basics

A sunburn is an inflammatory reaction of the skin caused by overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. Symptoms generally set in about 4 hours after sun exposure, and include:

  • Red, swollen, and painful skin
  • Skin that feels itchy or warm to the touch
  • Blistering
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Dehydration

Pain worsens and peaks 24-36 hours after sun exposure. Skin peeling may occur 3-8 days after exposure.

When to Seek Care

Most sunburns are mild and can be treated at home. Take a cool bath or use cold washcloths to soothe your skin and calm the burn. Keep the affected area moisturized by applying a gentle lotion to damp skin. If it is safe for you, taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin, can help ease pain and reduce swelling. Topical 1% cortisone cream and aloe vera can also provide relief. Wear loose clothing and remember to drink plenty of water.

For more severe sunburns, our urgent care center is here for you. Visit our clinic if you experience:

  • Severe sunburns –with blisters– covering more than 15% of the body
  • Sunburn accompanied by high fever (>101°F), nausea, chills, dehydration, and/or confusion
  • Signs of infection (draining pus, red streaks, worse pain after day 2)
  • Extreme pain that persists for longer than 48 hours

Understand The Risks

People with fair skin tend to burn most easily, but anyone can get burned. Even if you tan rather than burn, or have a dark skin type that doesn’t redden, overexposure to the sun can cause cellular damage. Skin damage from sun exposure leads to premature aging and skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Just one blistering sunburn during childhood can double your chance of developing melanoma in your lifetime! It’s also important to note that skin damage is cumulative, which means it builds over time. Each sunburn increases your risk of cancer.

Take steps to prevent sunburn. Check out the Skin Cancer Foundation’s Daily Sun Protection Guide to learn how, and know that our friendly medical team is here when you need care and advice!

Why is Flattening the Curve Important?

“Flattening the curve” refers to a graph that shows the number of COVID-19 cases over time. This graph is based on the fact that over time, short of a vaccine or cure of some sort, most people will eventually get the disease. Of these people, a seemingly small percentage will need to be hospitalized. The problem is that if everyone were to get the disease within a short period of time, the total number of people who would need hospital care would exceed available beds and/or other resources.

So, what we mean by flattening the curve is reducing the rate at which people are infected. This will allow us to treat people over a longer period of time, and to increase our capacity for care over that time.

flattening the curve

How do we flatten the curve?

Flattening the curve requires collective actions without considering whether you are infected or not. Social distancing, wearing face coverings, washing hands, and disinfecting surfaces are all tools we can use to slow the spread of COVID-19.

How do we know if it is working?

If measures taken to flatten the curve work, it may seem like we never needed them at all. But, that is the point! In areas where we successfully flatten the curve, and resources are not overtaxed, COVID-19 may seem no worse than a cold or the flu. The thing is, when we don’t have enough resources, things get scary very quickly. We have seen this in the U.S. already in places that have become hot spots for the disease. This followed similar horror stories from Italy and Spain.

How does testing for COVID-19 fit in?

As we are able to test more people, both to see who is currently infected and who has antibodies that show they had previously been infected with the disease, we will have additional data that will help flatten the curve.

Why is handwashing important to prevent COVID-19?

Keeping your hands clean is one of the most important steps you can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others. Many diseases and conditions, including coronavirus, are spread in part by not washing hands with soap and clean, running water.

Coronavirus can live on many surfaces for hours or even days. If you touch one of these surfaces, 20+ seconds of washing with soap and water is the most effective step you can take to avoid catching COVID-19. This is important because:

  • Most people touch their eyes, nose, and mouth without even realizing it, allowing germs to get into the body and make us sick.
  • Germs from unwashed hands can be transferred to other objects, like handrails, table tops, or toys, and then transferred to another person’s hands.

How Should You Wash Your Hands?

Not all hand washing techniques will get you the same results. To stay safe in this time of coronavirus, start by wetting your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold). Then, turn off the tap, and apply soap. This allows you to soap up while soaping up by rubbing your hands together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.

Make sure to scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice, or search Google for other songs that you like better to help keep time.

After your 20+ seconds of washing, it is time to rinse well under clean, running water. Note that the rinse comes after lathering – don’t wash your soap off too fast! Turning off the water while lathering helps with this.

Finally, dry your hands using a clean towel, or let them air dry.

Once your hands are clean, be careful what you touch! If you are in a public restroom, use a paper towel if you need to open the door to exit the room, and carefully dispose of the towel in a sanitary fashion.

For more information, check out the CDC’s comprehensive section on handwashing.